Gates Foundation grants for TB electronic nose and malaria vaccine
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have awarded grants for an electronic nose for tuberculosis and a malaria vaccine
"Ranjan Nanda, K.V.S. Rao and Virander Chauhan from the New Delhi-based International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) are attempting to create an “electronic nose” to diagnose tuberculosis in resource-poor settings.
Early detection of TB, a disease that causes 3 million deaths every year, is thought to greatly reduce the risk of mortality.
The ICGEB team’s first round of research will focus on validating its hypothesis that a TB patient’s breath contains molecules that are different to those of a healthy individual.
In another funded grant, Deepak Gaur, Chetan Chitnis and Virander Chauhan of the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) New Delhi Component in India will attempt to develop a blood-stage malaria vaccine that uses a combination of two proteins found among a wide diversity of malaria parasites. Their goal is to stimulate antibodies that would stop parasite infection of red blood cells by blocking multiple pathways of invasion.