International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
34149 Trieste, Italy
Office tel: +39-040-3757328
Lab tel: +39-040-3757331
Office fax: +39-040-226555
EducationLeeds University, UK, BSc Hons in Microbiology, 1981
Department of Microbiology, Leeds University, UK. Performed PhD studies with Ken Powell on Herpes Simplex Virus proteins and viral replication. 1981-1984
Department of Microbiology, Leeds University, UK, PhD, 1984
Career HistorySince 1990, Group Leader of the Tumour Virology Laboratory at ICGEB, Trieste, Italy, during which time the laboratory has become internationally renowned for its work on Human Papillomaviruses and their roles in the development of human malignancy.
1988-1990, independent Research Scientist at the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research in London, UK, where he continued his studies on the role of Human Papillomavirus oncoproteins in the development of cervical cancer.
1984-1988, Post Doctoral Fellow at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund in London, UK, working with Lionel Crawford on p53 and Human Papillomaviruses.
2007 Organized the ICGEB DNA Tumour Virus Meeting.
Member of the scientific committee of the International Papillomavirus Workshop.
2003 Organized the ICGEB DNA Tumour Virus Meeting.
1999 Organized the Workshop "p53: Twenty Years On".
Since 1992, Lecturer on the PhD course in Molecular Genetics of the International School for Advanced Studies (ISAS/SISSA) Trieste, Italy.
Since 1998 ten PhD students have graduated from the laboratory.
Scientific ActivityThe laboratory is principally interested in the mechanisms by which Human Papillomaviruses induce cell transformation. Current studies are focused on the viral E6 and E7 oncoproteins and their interactions with cellular target proteins. Whilst emphasis is placed on viral tumourigenesis, studies inevitably involve dissection of pathways regulating normal cell growth and polarity, the implications of which are relevant for the development of cancer in general. Over 100 full papers in peer-reviewed journals have been published and during the last 5 years ten plenary presentations at International meetings have been given, as well as being a regular session chairman at the HPV and DNA Tumour Virus meetings. He is a member of the Editorial Boards of Antiviral Research, Journal of Virology and Oncogene.
Kranjec, C., Banks, L. 2011. A systematic analysis of human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 PDZ substrates identifies MAGI-1 as a major target of HPV type 16 (HPV-16) and HPV-18 whose loss accompanies disruption of tight junctions. J. Virol. 85, 1757-1764 PubMed link
Tomaic, V., Pim, D., Thomas, M., Massimi, P., Myers, M.P., Banks, L. 2011. Regulation of the human papillomavirus type 18 E6/E6AP ubiquitin ligase complex by the HECT domain-containing protein EDD. J. Virol. 85, 3120-3127 PubMed link
Nagasaka, K., Pim, D., Massimi, P., Thomas, M., Tomaic, V., Subbaiah, V., Kranjec, C., Nakagawa, S., Yano, T., Taketani, Y., Myers, M., Banks, L. 2010. The cell polarity regulator hScrib controls ERK activation through a KIM site-dependent interaction. Oncogene 29, 5311-5321 PubMed link
Gammoh, N., Isaacson, E., Tomaic, V., Jackson, D., Doorbar, J., Banks, L. 2009. Inhibiton of HPV-16 E7 oncogenic activity by HPV-16 E2. Oncogene 28, 2299-2304 PubMed link
Narayan, N., Massimi, P., Banks, L. 2009. CDK phosphorylation of the discs alrge tumour suppressor controls its localisation and stability. J. Cell Sci. 122, 65-74 PubMed link
Pim, D., Tomaic, V., Banks, L. 2009. The human papillomavirus (HPV) E6* proteins from high-risk, mucosal HPVs can direct the degradation of cellular proteins in the absence of full-length E6 protein. J. Virol. 83, 9603-9674 PubMed link
Tomaic, V., Gardiol, D., Massimi, P., Ozbun, M., Myers, M., Banks, L. 2009. Human and primate tumour viruses use PDZ binding as an evolutionarily conserved mechanism of targeting cell polarity regulators. Oncogene 28, 1-8 PubMed link
Thomas, M., Narayan, N., Pim, D., Tomaic, V., Massimi, P., Nagasaka, K., Kranjec, C., Gammoh, N., Banks, L. 2008. Human papillomaviruses, cervical cancer and cell polarity. Oncogene 27, 6876-6877 PubMed link
Tomaic, V., Pim, D., Banks, L. 2009. The stability of the human papillomavirus E6 oncoprotein is E6AP dependent. Virology 393, 7-10 PubMed link
Ainsworth, J., Thomas, M., Banks, L., Coutlee, F., Matlashewski, G. 2008. Comparison of p53 and the PDZ domain containing protein MAGI-3 regulation by the E6 protein from high-risk human papillomaviruses. Virol. J. 5, 67-72
Cavatorta, A., Giri, A., Banks, L., Gardiol, D. 2008. Cloning and functional analysis of the promoter region of the human discs alrge gene. Gene 424, 87-95
Cordano, P., Gillan, V., Bratlie, S., Bouvard, V., Banks, L., Tommasino, M., Campo, M. 2008. The E6E7 oncoproteins of cutaneous human papillomavirus type 38 interfere with the interferon pathway. Virology 377, 408-418
Humbert, P., Banks, L. 2008. On the guardians of polarity and the disorientation of cancer. Oncogene 27, 6876-6877
Massimi, P., Narayan, N., Thomas, M., Gammoh, N., Strand, S., Strand, D., Banks, L. 2008. Regulation of the hDlg/hScrib/Hugl-1 tumour suppressor complex. Exp. Cell Res. 314, 3306-3317 PubMed link
Massimi, P., Shai, A., Lambert, P., Banks, L. 2008. HPV E6 degradation of p53 and PDZ containing substrates in an E6AP null background. Oncogene 27, 1800-1804
Massimi, P., Thomas, M., Bouvard, V., Ruberto, I., Campo, M., Tommasino, M., Banks, L. 2008. Comparative transforming potential of different human papillomaviruses associated with non-melanoma skin cancer. Virology 371, 374-379
Mohr, S., Grandemange, S., Massimi, P., Darai, G., Banks, L., Martinou, J., Zeier, M., Muranyi, W. 2008. Targeting the retinoblastoma protein by MC007L gene product of the molluscum contagiosum virus: detection of a novel virus-cell interaction by a member of the poxviruses. J. Virol. 82, 10625-10633
Thomas, M., Dasgupta, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, X., Banks, L. 2008. Analysis of specificity determinants in the interactions of different HPV E6 proteins with their PDZ domain-containing substrates. Virology 376, 371-378
Thomas, M., Narayan, N., Pim, D., Tomaic, V., Massimi, P., Nagasaka, K., Kranjec, C., Gammoh, N., Banks, L. 2008. Human Papillomaviruses, cervical cancer and cell polarity. Oncogene 27, 7018-7030 PubMed link
Ivanova, S., Repnik, U., Banks, L., Turk, V., Turk, B. 2007. Cellular localization of MAGI-1 caspase cleavage products and their role in apoptosis. Biol Chem. 388, 1195-1198
Zhang, Y., Dasgupta, J., Ma, R., Banks, L., Thomas, M., Chen, X. 2007. Structures of a human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 polypeptide bound to MAGUK proteins: mechanisms of targeting tumor suppressors by a high-risk HPV oncoprotein. J. Virol. 81, 3618-3626 PubMed link
Gammoh, N., Grm, H.S., Massimi, P., Banks, L. 2006. Regulation of human papillomavirus type 16 E7 activity through direct protein interaction with the E2 transcriptional activator. J. Virol. 80, 1787-1797
Gardiol, D., Zacchi, A., Petrera, F., Stanta, G., Banks, L. 2006. Human Discs Large and Scrib are localised at the same regions in colon mucosa and changes in their expression patterns are correlated with loss of tissue architecture during malignant progression. Int. J. Cancer 119, 1285-1290
Massimi, P., Narayan, N., Cuenda, A., Banks, L. 2006. Phosphorylation of the discs large tumour suppressor protein controls its membrane localisation and enhances its susceptibility to HPV E6-induced degradation. Oncogene 25, 4276-4285
Gregorc, U., Ivanova, S., Thomas, M., Turk, V., Banks, L., Turk, B. 2005. hDlg/SAP97, a member of the MAGUK protein family, is a novel caspase target during cell-cell detachment in apoptosis. Biol. Chem. 386, 705-710
Grm, H.S., Massimi, P., Gammoh, N., Banks, L. 2005. Crosstalk between the human papillomavirus E2 transcriptional activator and the E6 oncoprotein. Oncogene 24, 5149-5164
Massimi, P., Banks, L. 2005. Transformation assays for HPV oncoproteins. Methods Mol. Med. 119, 381-395
Pim, D., Massimi, P., Dilworth, S.M., Banks, L. 2005. Activation of the protein kinase B pathway by the HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein occurs through a mechanism involving interaction with PP2A. Oncogene 24, 7830-7838
Thomas, M., Banks, L. 2005. In vitro assays of substrate degradation induced by high-risk HPV E6 oncoproteins. Methods Mol. Med. 119, 411-417
Thomas, M., Massimi, P., Navarro, C., Borg, J.P., Banks, L. 2005. The hScrib/Dlg apico-basal control complex is differentially targeted by HPV-16 and HPV-18 E6 proteins. Oncogene 24, 6222-6230
Thomas, M., Pim, D., Banks, L. 2005. The role of the HPV E6 oncoprotein in malignant progression. In: Papillomavirus Research: From natural history to vaccines and beyond. Ed. M. S. Campo, Calster Academic Press
Banks, L., Pim, D., Thomas, M. 2003. Viruses and the 26S proteasome: hacking into destruction. Trends Biochem. Sci. 28, 452-459
Mantovani, F., Banks, L. 2003. Regulation of the discs large tumour suppressor by a phosphorylation-dependent interaction with the BTrCP ubiquitin ligase receptor. J. Biol. Chem. 278, 42477-42486