About the Centre
The International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology provides a scientific and educational environment of the highest standard and conducts innovative research in life sciences for the benefit of developing countries. It strengthens the research capability of its Members through training and funding programmes and advisory services and represents a comprehensive approach to promoting biotechnology internationally.
The Centre is dedicated to advanced research and training in molecular biology and biotechnology and holds out the prospect of advancing knowledge and applying the latest techniques in the fields of:
- crop improvement
- environmental protection/remediation
- biopharmaceuticals and biopesticide production
With Components in Trieste, Italy, New Delhi, India and Cape Town, South Africa, the Centre forms an interactive network with Affiliated Centres in ICGEB Member States. ICGEB is part of the United Nations System.
The Board of Governors, made up of representatives from each Member State, the Council of Scientific Advisers, composed of eminent scientists who oversee the scientific excellence of the Centre, and the Management, which is constituted by the Director-General, Prof. Franciso E. Baralle, the Directors of the three Components, Prof. Mauro Giacca - Director ICGEB Trieste, Prof. Virander S. Chauhan - Director ICGEB New Delhi, Prof. Iqbal Parker - Director ICGEB Cape Town and by the Director Administration and External Relations, Mr. Decio Ripandelli.
At present more than 400 people from 38 different countries are working in the ICGEB laboratories as research scientists, postdoctoral fellows, PhD students, research technicians and administrative personnel.
- 1983 - The International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology is launched with the signing of its Statutes (the international treaty sanctioning its existence, deposited with the Secretary General of the United Nations) by 26 countries during a Plenipotentiary Meeting, held in Madrid.
- 1984 - The representatives of the Signatory Countries meet in Vienna and decide that ICGEB will be structured with two Components, one located in Trieste, Italy (also to be the Headquarters of the Centre), and one in New Delhi, India, as well as a network of Affiliated Centres.
- 1987 - Pending the entry into force of the Statutes, ICGEB starts operations as a special programme of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). The implementation of the programme is made possible through funds provided by the Host Governments of Italy and India.
Arturo Falaschi is appointed Head, Trieste Component and on Nov. 25, the first experiment is performed on the premises.
- 1994 - The Statutes of the Centre entered into force on 3 February, and, in accordance with Article 1, the ICGEB became an autonomous, intergovernmental organisation.
- 2007 - The Third Component of the ICGEB is established in Cape Town, South Africa.
The ICGEB currently has 63 full Member States, a further 22 countries are still pending ratification of, or accession to, the Statutes of ICGEB.